Annamaria Bagaini, PhD in Planning, Design and Technology of Architecture, is researcher at SUR Lab and GREEN, Bocconi University. Her research field regards urban sustainability, in particular, energy transition at the urban level. She is an expert in energy policy, urban energy planning, and energy communities. She is involved in a European Horizon 2020 project, PadovaFIT Expanded, which focuses on innovative and systemic approaches for boosting building energy efficiency. She is also involved in a new European Horizon project, CORONADX, in collaboration with University Vita-Salute San Raffaele, for which she is carrying on a cost-effectiveness analysis of COVID-19 response measures among five different countries.